Be Aware › Moose
Welcome to Moose Country
Moose are the largest member of the deer family found in Utah. They can be found in the mountains of the northern and northeastern portion of the state. They prefer forest habitats, especially those locations with a mixture of wooded areas and open areas near lakes or wetlands. Some make short migrations between summer and winter habitats.
Moose usually occur singly or in small groups. They are herbivores that prefer to feed on aquatic vegetation and new woody growth during the spring and summer. During the winter, when preferred food items are not available, they switch to a diet of bark and twigs from evergreen and deciduous trees.
Adults weigh 800–1,200 lbs. Bulls stand 6 ft. tall at the shoulder. Only the bulls have antlers. Moose are excellent swimmers, and routinely seek food in marshes and streams. Their hair is hollow, which helps them float.
A moose can run up to 35 miles per hour! They are active both day and night, but peak activity occurs near dawn and dusk.
Cow with calf
- Cows with calves can be aggressive in the spring.
- Bull moose may be especially aggressive during the fall breeding season.
- Do not approach or feed a moose.
- Keep dogs leashed and under control at all times. Moose can be very aggressive around them. It is against Utah law to allow dogs to chase or harass wildlife.
If you encounter a Moose
- On a trail, give it a lot of space and watch its behavior.
- Back off if it exhibits any signs of aggression, such as the hair standing up on their neck, snout licking, or ears back.
- Stay calm. Do not run away. Talk, make your presence known and slowly back off in the direction you came.
- If it charges you or chases you, hide behind something solid, such as a tree.
- If it knocks you down, curl into a ball, protect your head and lie still until it retreats.
Slow down! Heed warning signs.
If you have an encounter with aggressive wildlife, please alert the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources office near you. If the encounter or sighting occurs after hours or on the weekend, please call your local police department or county sheriff’s office, who can contact a conservation officer to handle the situation.