There are 31 different species of snake in Utah and they all have their similarities and differences. In general, snakes are long and legless. They have scales covering their body that help them blend into their environment or warn off predators. The scales point backwards for easier movement. They have no eyelids.
How big are they?
Snakes in Utah range in size from small (8 inches long, ringneck snake) to large (9 feet long, great basin gopher snake)
Where do they live?
Snakes are found throughout Utah, from the highest mountains to the lowest deserts.
What do they eat?
Rodents, birds, amphibians, other reptiles, fish, and even insects.
What eats them?
Other snakes, birds and mammals, such as bobcats, hawks and owls.
Did you know?
There are 31 species of snakes in Utah. Seven of them are venomous.
There’s no easy way to tell the difference between a venomous snake and a nonvenomous snake. A rattlesnake may have a rattle on the end of its tail but many other snakes shake their tail in dry leaf litter to trick predators into thinking that they are also rattlesnakes. Rattles on rattlesnakes might even break off. Since you cannot easily tell them apart, never pick up any wild snake.
Snakes are protected by Utah state law.
Threats to snakes:
Many people find snakes scary and don’t understand snake behavior. This sometimes results in snakes being killed.
Habitat destruction from off road recreating and urban development.