Elk are large hoofed animals with a cream colored rump, a light brown body and a darker brown neck, face and legs.
Mature bulls (males) have a large set of antlers which are made out of bone. They look different from mule deer antlers as elk antlers grow up a little ways and then out with one point going forward. Young bulls have smaller antlers and when elk become old their antlers don’t grow as large. A bull elk sheds his antlers and begins to grow a new set every spring.
How big are they?
Adult bulls can weigh up to 700 pounds and stand 5 feet at the shoulder. Cows (females) weigh up to 500 pounds and stand 4.5 feet at the shoulder.
Antlers can be up to 4 feet tall and can weigh up to 40 pounds.
Where do they live?
During the high summer month’s elk live at high elevations in the mountains between 6,000 and 10,000 feet.
During winter elk migrate to valley bottoms where there is less snowfall.
What do they eat?
Elk are herbivores, meaning they only eat plants.
Their diet changes with the seasons because different plants are found during different seasons.
Elk are a ruminant species, with four-chambered stomachs.