Beaver Facts

Beaver FactsPhoto by Eric Peterson

Beaver Facts

What does a beaver look like?American Beaver
  • Their soft coats range in color from nearly black, brown, reddish-brown to blonde.
  • Their feet are webbed for swimming.
  • Their most distinctive feature is their broad paddle-like tail which they use to help steer and balance as they swim. It’s also a fat reserve and used as a warning of danger when slapped..
  • Beaver have four large bright orange teeth at the front of their mouths, two on top and two on bottom.
How big are they?
  • Adults can weigh up to 60 pounds.
Where do they live?
  • Beavers can be found along creeks and streams, and in lakes and reservoirs.
What do they eat?
  • Beavers are herbivorous. They eat primarily woody material, such as aspen in the winter and green aquatic plants and riparian vegetation in the summer. They do not hibernate during the winter but instead become less active
What eats them?

Did you know?

Beaver Eating

  • Beaver teeth never stop growing. To keep the teeth at a good length and sharp beavers have to constantly file them down by gnawing on trees and grinding their teeth together.
  • Beavers once numbered in the millions throughout North America. They were prized for their pelts. Beaver populations were decimated by fur trapping during the 1700s and 1800s. Their populations have increased.
  • Beavers are most famous for building dams along streams. The dams catch water and hold it there, making a wetland that the beaver can easily swim through. Many animals depend on the wetlands made by beaver dams, including a wide variety of fish, small mammals, big game and birds.
Threats to beavers:
  • Habitat loss has limited their populations.